The exact cause of ADHD has not been determined, however, ADHD is thought to have a genetic component as it tends to occur among family members.  Close relatives of people with ADHD have about a 5 times greater than random chance of having ADHD themselves, as well as a higher likelihood for such common accompanying disorders as anxiety, depression, and learning disabilities.

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There are three groups of symptoms to look for:

  1. Inattention
  2. Hyperactivity
  3. Impulsivity

Inattentioninattentive child

You might not notice it until a child goes to school and this is a more common trait for girls with ADHD than with boy.  You will also find that they may also:

  • Be disorganized
  • Lack focus
  • Have a hard time paying attention to details
  • Have a tendency to make careless mistakes (their work might be messy and seem careless)
  • Have trouble staying on topic while talking, not listening to others, and not following social rules
  • Be forgetful about daily activities (for example forgetting to bring their lunch)
  • Be easily distracted by things like trivial noises or events that are usually ignored by others

Hyperactivity

Hyperactivity may vary with age.  You might be able to notice it in preschoolers although ADHD testing should not occur until until the age of 7.  Keep in mind, though, that ADHD symptoms nearly always show up before middle school.

Kids with hyperactivity may:hyperactivity

  • Fidget and squirm when seated
  • Get up frequently to walk or run around
  • Run or climb a lot when it’s not appropriate (In teens this may seem like restlessness.)
  • Have trouble playing quietly or doing quiet hobbies
  • Always be “on the go”
  • Talk excessively

School-age children have similar habits, but you may notice those less often. They are unable to stay seated, squirm a lot, fidget, or talk a lot.

Hyperactivity can show up as feelings of restlessness in teens and adults and they may also have a hard time doing quiet activities where you sit still.

Impulsivity

impulsiveSymptoms of this include:

  • Impatience
  • Having a hard time waiting to talk or react
  • Have a hard time waiting for their turn
  • Blurt out answers before someone finishes asking them a question
  • Frequently interrupt or intrude on others (this often happens so much that it causes problems in social or work settings)
  • Start conversations at inappropriate times

Impulsivity can often lead to accidents, whether large or small and children with ADHD may also do risky things without stopping to think about the consequences.

Every other month, everyday ADDvice will show you how to help your child manage these symptoms and find the right resources for a diagnosis.

 


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